The first kingdom bearing the name of “Burgundy”, regnum Burgundiæ in Latin (“kingdom of Burgondie”), is the work of the Burgundians and dates from 411 AD.
A few centuries later, the company of the Dukes of Valois deeply marks the history of the territory of Burgundy.
It is now a State, and Philippe le Hardi, Jean sans Peur, Philippe le Bon and Charles le Téméraire make it a great European power which includes present-day Belgium and Holland and which becomes the rival of the kingdom of France.
Having become royal under Louis XI, the French part of Burgundy keeps its States and its Parliament, thus preserving its individuality until the French Revolution.
Its economic history is based on agriculture and forestry.
Land of breeding, Burgundy is famous for Charolais meat, poultry, cheeses, but also for its wine regions which give birth to legendary wines.
In 2020, the wine industry represents around 2.8% of the GDP
of the Bourgogne Franche-Comté region.