Discover Burgundy

The fruit of a long history, Burgundy and its wines are renowned around the world.
Whether you are a convinced oenophile, or a passionate beginner, Burgundy will offer you its flavors, the beauty of its landscapes and its terroir.

The history of Burgundy

Human presence

Humans have been present in what today constitutes Burgundy since the Lower Paleolithic, around 3 million years ago.

Wine consumption

The oldest known vestige linked to wine in Burgundy is the 1100-liter Cratère de Vix. It dates from the 6th century BC. AD and was discovered in Vix in Côte-d'Or.

It is the most important vase found in all antiquity. It is also one of the oldest remains known to date, linked to the conservation and consumption of wine in Burgundy and France.

The first vines

It is not known today precisely who introduced the first vine plantations in Burgundy.
However, from 50 AD, wine-growing was mastered in what would become the Burgundy region.
The first writings on the Côte d'Or vineyard date from 312 AD.
Cratère de Vix
The "Cratère de Vix" vase.
Le duc de Bourgogne Philippe II le Hardi
The Duke of Burgundy Philippe II le Hardi.

The origin of the name

The first kingdom bearing the name of “Burgundy”, regnum Burgundiæ in Latin (“kingdom of Burgondie”), is the work of the Burgundians and dates from 411 AD.

The Burgundy State

A few centuries later, the company of the Dukes of Valois deeply marks the history of the territory of Burgundy. 

It is now a State, and Philippe le Hardi, Jean sans Peur, Philippe le Bon and Charles le Téméraire make it a great European power which includes present-day Belgium and Holland and which becomes the rival of the kingdom of France.

Having become royal under Louis XI, the French part of Burgundy keeps its States and its Parliament, thus preserving its individuality until the French Revolution.

The economy

Its economic history is based on agriculture and forestry.

Land of breeding, Burgundy is famous for Charolais meat, poultry, cheeses, but also for its wine regions which give birth to legendary wines.

In 2020, the wine industry represents around 2.8% of the GDP of the Bourgogne Franche-Comté region.

The vineyard today

The production

Annual production is around 1.45 million hectoliters, 60% of which is white wines, 29% red and rosé and 11% Crémant de Bourgogne.

1% of this production is classified in the Grands Crus appellation, 47% in the Villages or 1er Crus appellation.

Today there are 84 appellations, 33 Grands Crus, 44 Villages and 1er Crus, 7 Regional.

Terroir

The wine-growing region is divided into "climats". This term is used in Burgundy to define a locality dedicated to viticulture.

It is a delimited and hierarchical geographical denomination, constituting, in part or in full, one or more appellations, assimilated to a wine-growing region. The place characterises the wine, and conversely, the wine characterises the place.

There are 1,463 climates in the whole of the Burgundy vineyard.

UNESCO

Since July 5, 2015, 1247 climates of Burgundy are classified as World Heritage by UNESCO.

They constitute the heart of the “Exceptional Universal Value” of the vineyard, and are exhaustively represented on our two maps, Côte de Nuits and Côte de Beaune.
Photo Nuits Saint Georges
Nuits-Saint-Georges.